What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry For Outdoor Emergencies? (2024)

-ByEverett Headley

What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry For Outdoor Emergencies? (1)

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"Be prepared."

The motto of the Boy Scouts is something I learned to take to heart during my many adventures with the program. It became a life skill that carried over into many areas of my life and continues to be a maxim in my outdoor pursuits. Many times we’ve all been in situations wishing we just had one thing that would have made the difference at the time. Our escape from society into the wild also means that we distance ourselves from immediate help that forces us to rely on ourselves to survive and rescue.

What is the first thing for a hunter to do in an emergency situation?

Knowing the acronym STOP will keep a bad situation from getting worse:

S- Stop: When you realize you are lost or in a situation where you need help, do not go further.

Exposing yourself to further dangers (weather, terrain) increases your chance of risk and decrease your chance of survival. If you are actively being searched for, a moving target is more difficult to find than a stationary one. Sitting down will also help you to calm down and not panic about your situation.

T- Think: Once you are able to think clearly recall where you started, where you were going, and howyou got to where you are now. Depending on your circ*mstances, this may be all you need todo to self-rescue. However, if you are truly lost, then you need to consider what your needs are and prioritize. Shelter, fire, and water will see you through the next handful of days, if that’s how long it takes to be found. Considering how much daylight you have, what weather conditions are likely, and how long it will be before someone realizes you haven’t return will help to organize your thoughts.

O- Observe: Start with your smallest circle and expand in increasing increments. What is on you(clothes, gear), what is in your pockets, do you have boots on? Then inventory your pack: Do you have a meal replacement bar, survival kit, poncho, fire starters? Then look immediately around where you are: Are there any dead trees to fall on me, am I exposed on a mountain top, is there anything around me I can use? Your largest circle will look at what landmarks are in the distance, if you see human habitation (buildlings, smoke, roads,) or somewhere safer to move to.

P- Plan: With all that information you can now make the determination if you stay or self-rescue. Ifyou are in doubt which to choose, then stay. Build a fire, shelter, and wait; most rescue situations resolve in 24-72 hours.

What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry?

What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry For Outdoor Emergencies? (2)

"A hunter’s pack will vary based on season, environment, game, and remoteness."

My assumption is you will, like me, have many items that you can use to help you in a true emergency situation. A personal stove will purify water and create a warm drink for someone hypothermic. Kill kits with sharp knives and game bags transform into useful tools if needed. Most of these are already in your pack and are rotated and inspected regularly. I’ve learned that I really don’t need as much as I used to carry and think in terms of what I need to stay in the hunt or think about evacuating to definitive care.

Then there is the list below, what I call my “911 Kit.” I’ve refined it over my hunting career to be compact and essentials only. Again, its purpose is to keep me alive until rescue or expedite my own way out.

What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry For Outdoor Emergencies? (3)

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  1. Personal Locator Beacon. Phones and two way radios have limitations that satellite messengers overcome. My choice is the Garmin In-Reach Mini. It allows me to have two way text conversations anywhere, important if I need directions out or to update my status. The Mini connects to my phone which makes texting easier, but it can also stand on its own. The SOS button alerts an array of local authorities. These devices are the least expensive insurance a hunter can buy. The initial outlay may seem steep, but spread over several seasons is really less than a pair of socks each year. Stories of survivors could have been shortened significantly if a PLB had been in their kit.
  2. Knowledge.It weighs nothing and is always available. As a Wilderness First Responder I know how to assess and address life threats in the field. Most situations don’t arise to that level, but knowing when to gut it out or to get out is vital. A WFR course is intense and long, but some type of Wilderness First Aid should be on every hunter’s resume. You can’t use a tool if it isn’t in the toolbox. Expanding your skills in knots, basic survival, reading the weather, and knowing what plants are edible (and more importantly, are inedible) are worth the investment.
  3. First Aid Kit. A pre-assembled kit is a good place to start, but it should be tailored to your own skills, scenario, and needs. Coupled with your WFR or WFA, you won’t need to bring the kitchen sink. Knowing what you have that you already have in your pack that you could utilize will save weight and space: no butterfly stitches, get the duct tape; no SAM splint, use a hiking stick. My medicine kit is divided into boo-boos and blood control. The idea is I have what I need to keep me comfortable on the mountain or what I need to ensure I can get down it. It is also a good idea to strip out the unneeded packaging and microtrash.
  4. CAT Tourniquet.This piece of gear gets its own mention. I actually carry two: one in my FAK and one in my hip pocket for immediate access. When a combat application tourniquet is needed, you don’t want to dig through your pack to find it. If you get into a situation where you are separated from your gear, you still have it on you. Training and understanding of tourniquets has come a long way, so make sure you are up to date on how to use one.
  5. Space Blanket. Emergency shelter. Hypothermic wrap. Signaling device. These lightweight blankets have so many uses that you could argue for carrying an extra one. I make sure that mine are orange, not black on the colored side.
  6. Fire Makers. Carrying multiple methods ensures that you don’t have to worry about finding two sticks to rub together. Matches get wet, lighters break (keep the striker!) and when you need a fire, you REALLY need a fire. Keep some quick igniting tinder with it as well. There is new stuff on the market that will light underwater, or stick with what you know; I still use cotton balls impregnated with vaseline.
  7. Emergency Meds: Allergies are becoming more common and carrying an epipen and knowing how and when to use them can save a life. If you take daily meds, keep a spare couple of doses in a bottle with cotton to silence the rattling.
  8. Spare Headlamp With Extra Batteries.My emergency lamp weighs about an ounce and will light just the path in front of me. I trade brightness for saving space and weight. If it comes out of the kit, it is really to just get me back to safety when my main headlamp is dead. A waterproof light source is invaluable for extraction and safety.
  9. Paracord.A length of 50-100 feet doesn’t take up much room. True paracord is incredibly strong and versatile. It can make shelter, improvise a sling or replace shoelaces (as an emergency).

    10. Bullion cubes. A few of these can really help in a situation where you have no food and have been hiking, sweating and expending calories. They can give an instant morale boost, replace salts, and improve the taste of field stews.

    11. Adventure Kit. I hesitate to call this a survival kit because it is very small and focused on helping me to be rescued. It contains a whistle, signal mirror, waterproof paper and pen, safety pins and chem lights. It is the only pre-packaged item I keep in my pack, a reminder that these items are only used when my life is on the line.

    There are a few rules that govern this kit:

    • It never leaves my pack. If I drop gear from my pack to go “light” for a final stalk or for a packout, the kit stays. It is only useful if I have it.
    • It is never used, unless there is a genuine need. When I need a lighter to start a fire, I will get the one from my truck, not rob my kit. Convenience does not rise to the level of need.
    • It is always checked before a trip. It’s entirely possible rule number two was broken and you aren’t aware. I make sure that nothing has broken, everything is in working order, and anything that might expire has been replaced.

    "What you carry, or don’t, should change based on your experiences in the field and the level of your skills."

    Never underestimate the potential for an emergency to arise; even with experienced hunters unexpected events can drastically change a situation and outcome. With these suggestions, a hunter should be able to weather a storm or self-rescue.

    About the Author: Everett Headley is an outdoor writer and educator. He was raised hunting and fishing in Montana. He lives in the Bitterroot with his Chesapeake Bay retriever, Cane, and his peregrine falcon, Freyja. You can find more of his work at www.406.life and on Instagram @everettheadley

    Related:Journey to 100 Hunts, The Hunter's Calendar

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    What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry For Outdoor Emergencies? (2024)


    What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry For Outdoor Emergencies? ›

    What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry for An Outdoor Emergency? For an outdoor emergency, a hunter should carry a hunting first aid kit containing a CAT tourniquet, SAM split, gauze, pressure bandages, survival blanket, antibiotic cream and pain relief.

    What should every prepared hunter carry for outdoor emergencies? ›

    What Should Every Prepared Hunter Carry for An Outdoor Emergency? For an outdoor emergency, a hunter should carry a hunting first aid kit containing a CAT tourniquet, SAM split, gauze, pressure bandages, survival blanket, antibiotic cream and pain relief.

    What should every prepared hunter carry for outdoor emergencies in Quizlet? ›

    Every hunter should take a first-aid course and a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to be prepared to handle outdoor emergencies. A prepared hunter also will carry a complete first-aid kit.

    What is the first thing a hunter should do in an emergency situation? ›

    The first thing to do is admit to yourself that you are in trouble. Think about what you need to do to survive. Observe the area; and look for shelter, fuel, etc. Plan how you are going to use your survival kit and your other available resources.

    What are the 5 primary requirements for Survival Hunter Ed? ›

    Rules of Survival
    • Give a responsible person your hunting plan.
    • Don't travel or hunt alone.
    • Take enough food and water to last for several days in an emergency.
    • Bring a map and compass, and always orient yourself before leaving camp.
    • Wear layered clothing, and take extra clothing, preferably wool and polyester, with you.

    Which of the following items should you always carry in a survival pack? ›

    Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
    • Water (one gallon per person per day for several days, for drinking and sanitation)
    • Food (at least a several-day supply of non-perishable food)
    • Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert.
    • Flashlight.
    • First aid kit.
    • Extra batteries.
    • Whistle (to signal for help)

    How do you prepare for outdoor emergencies? ›

    Prepare to be self-sufficient for at least three days by putting together an emergency kit, including: non-perishable food, water, a flashlight, a portable, battery-operated radio or television, batteries, medicines, anti-bacterial hand wipes or gel, first aid kit, money, seasonal clothing, and sanitation supplies.

    Which items should be included in an emergency preparedness kit? ›

    Kits should include food, water, a first aid kit, tools, copies of important documents, clothing and bedding, medications, and pet supplies.

    Which of the following is a way to prepare for an emergency? ›

    3 Ways to Be Prepared for an Emergency
    • Make a communications plan. Know where to meet and how to communicate with family and friends. ...
    • Prepare to evacuate your home. Review and practice escape routes. ...
    • Get your vehicle ready. ...
    • Create an emergency supply kit. ...
    • Consider special needs.
    Sep 5, 2017

    What are the first 3 things you should do in an emergency situation? ›

    First Things to Do in Any Emergency

    Decide whether it is safer to evacuate or shelter-in-place. Once safely evacuated or sheltered-in-place, call for help using 911 and clearly explain what you know about the situation. Provide first aid for any injured people. Move any people who are injured away from further danger.

    What are 3 things you should check on the scene of an emergency situation? ›

    Check consciousness, breathing, and look for any other obvious problems. Call: Call the dispatch center, usually 911 in the US. You can do this while checking for safety and victim's condition. Care: Perform CPR and other first aid as needed.

    What is the first thing a hunter should do every time they load a firearm? ›

    Point the muzzle in a safe direction. If the firearm has a safety, put the safety on if you can open the action and load the firearm with the safety on. Keep your finger off the trigger and outside the trigger guard. Open the action.

    What are the big three necessities for outdoor or hunting survival? ›

    In the unfortunate situation where you do find yourself lost in the bush, follow the big three of survival: shelter, signal and fire.

    What are 6 steps a hunter should take to prepare for a hunt? ›

    6 Ways To Prepare For Hunting Season
    • Organize your gear. Be sure your hunting gear is all in order, including required items like colored vests, tags, licenses, and hunting bags. ...
    • Scout out hunting spots. ...
    • Prep your firearms + stock up on ammunition. ...
    • Practice with your firearm. ...
    • Know what to do with the harvested animal.

    What are the 5 primary requirements for survival pdf? ›

    Page 1
    • The 5 Basic Survival Skills. ...
    • First Basic Survival Skill – Fire. ...
    • Second Basic Survival Skill - Shelter. ...
    • Third Basic Survival Skill - Signaling. ...
    • Fourth Basic Survival Skill - Food and Water. ...
    • Fifth Basic Survival Skill - First Aid. ...
    • Practice Survival Skills.

    What things must a hunter always be sure of before taking a shot? ›

    Assume every gun is loaded. Control the muzzle—point guns in a safe direction. Trigger finger—keep your finger outside the trigger guard until ready to shoot. Target—be sure of your target and what lies beyond.

    What are three safety guidelines every hunter should follow when handling a firearm? ›

    The fundamental NRA rules for safe gun handling are:
    • ALWAYS Keep The Gun Pointed In A Safe Direction. This is the primary rule of gun safety. ...
    • ALWAYS Keep Your Finger Off The Trigger Until Ready To Shoot. ...
    • ALWAYS Keep The Gun Unloaded Until Ready To Use.

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